Translated with www.DeepL.com/Translator (free version)
The history of Japanese gardens is not clear, but some people believe that it has its roots in the belief in megalithic stones such as Banza and Bankyoku, and their artificial arrangement.
It is said that the first document to appear in Japanese history is the Nihon Shoki (Chronicles of Japan), and it seems that the concept of garden was gradually formed from Sumiyama, which was introduced from Baekje along with Buddhism in the early 7th century.
In China, it is said to represent Mount Sumeru, the center of the Buddhist world, but it is also said to represent Mount Horai, the home of the Immortals.
According to Wikipedia, there is a description in the Nihon Shoki as follows.
There is a record that around 620, Soga Umako built a square pond on the site of his residence, and for this reason it was called “Minister Shima,” and that this garden was unusual and had a good reputation. A small pond was dug in the “garden,” which was used for practical purposes as a flat square, and a small island was built to create a “garden” as an object of contemplationフリー百科事典『ウィキペディア（Wikipedia）』 日本庭園
From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia Japanese garden
The name of the Minister of Shima or Minister of Shima is not very clear, as it could have been Soga Umako, Soga Iruka, or even Prince Kusakabe, but from the description of the modeling, it seems that building a garden meant building an island.
In contrast to the megalithic belief that developed as a shrine as a god’s territory, it is thought that the garden that started from the same roots developed as a human territory.
A garden is a place where nature is twisted under human control, artificially investigated, but pretended to be natural.
In other words, a garden that acts more like nature than nature, cooperating with nature while containing human thoughts.
This is the domain of human beings, and if we go beyond this domain, we go to shrines and faith as the domain of gods.
Is it a coincidence that even today we unconsciously call our own territory “niwa”?
Is it a coincidence that we call it “shima”?
It could be said that human activity has always been about expanding one’s own territory since childhood.
When I was a child, the grounds of my house were my garden, and I knew everything there was to know about bugs, flowers, and gardens.
When I became an elementary school student, my neighborhood became my garden, and I encountered many unknowns and expanded my surrounding area.
As I became a junior high school student, the neighboring train station became my garden, and the surrounding area, which I couldn’t see, expanded as well.
As I became a high school student, my garden extended beyond the city limits to the urban area, and my garden became relatively smaller and the surrounding area that I had never set foot in became larger.
As a college student, the garden crossed the border of the prefecture and came to represent the country, and I learned that the surrounding area around the garden was not a plane but a sphere.
As I became independent and crossed national borders, the garden came to represent the earth and the universe, and the surrounding area took in time and culture and swallowed up everything.
If this all-consuming region is the world, the garden is like a dot spreading out like an amoeba.
I will record the garden.
I record the activities of people and their expansion.
One by one, I confirm my own domain.